'Musictheoryguy' strikes again with another enthralling video which you will find extremely beneficial and loaded with useful information on the use of tones and semitones to create major scales... enjoy. 6 semitones: augmented 4th/diminished 5th. The intervals commonly recognized as dissonant are: minor 2nd, major 2nd, tri-tone (the interval between the 4th and the 5th), minor 7th and major 7th . that you only ever really play up to 5 sharps and 5 flats in any given key signature. follows: minor 3rd, major 3rd, perfect 4th, perfect 5th, minor 6th, major 6th and octave . This stands for whole step, whole step, half step, whole step, whole step, whole step half step. C to D = 2 semitones. The distance between any two neighboring notes on the piano is called a semitone, or half-step. If you find these sayings hard to remember, make up your own and have fun with them. (The major 3rd is 4 semitones, the minor 3rd is 3 semitones.) Every gap od x semitones has two different names - so using 'how many semitones' isn't going to tell us what ant interval is. On a tempered keyboard (see below), the two previous examples will be executed in the same way, using the same keys. Print this course with a high quality layout by subscribing at www.musiclever.com. You will need Adobe Reader (the latest version is recommended) installed on There are two types of semitones: the diatonic semitone and the chromatic semitone. Starting from the root, triad chords contain 2 additional chord tones. Listen to a minor second in equal … So a major third interval is an interval of 4 frets. 2 semitones: major 2nd. Home #10 (no title) Camp Locations; How many semitones in an octave This is called the chromatic scale. In a 12-note approximately equally divided scale, any interval can be defined in terms of an appropriate number of semitones (e.g. be a variation of that name, with either sharps or flats used describe the interval difference in half-tones / semitones from any given interval note to the major 3rd. In Part 1 we talked about: ascending minor 2nd (same sound as augmented unison) ascending major 2nd ascending minor 3rd (same sound as augmented. If you are serious about music theory, you will find this very handy. Th… How many semitones is a Perfect Octave? There are 8 notes in alphabetical order consisting of 5 tones and 2 semitones - the 8th note is the same as the first note, but is one octave higher. On the fretboard, 1 semitone = 1 fret (half step), 2 semitones = 2 frets (1 whole step). Pythagorean tuning, similar to meantone tuning, has two, but in other systems of just intonation there are many more possibilities. A Major 3rd is also ALWAYS a distance of 2 whole steps (whole tones) or 4 half steps (semitones). 9 years ago. The number of semitones between each note varies if the chord is Major or Minor. 11 semitones: major 7th. how many semitones in an octave The lower G is one whole octave below the higher one. So I learnt intervals and just managed them in "semitones" because it was the "distance" indicated by a fret (I can play a bit of guitar) and keyboard (I can't). The interval is 2 tones and 2 tones = 4 semitones. B half-sharp), it is hard to notate and even harder to play. May 27, 2017 / by Josh. The distance between each pair of notes is written below the stave: T for tones (whole steps) and S for semitones (half steps): ... D Major Scale [ABRSM grade 1, Trinity grade 3] Let's look at D major next: … Each note has the exact same distance (in pitch) from the next. Above you see the original key C (no sharps/flats) and a target key F (one flat) resulting in a pitch shift 5 semitones up. If you look on the piano the E note is 4 semitones (2 Tones) away from C. Now if we look at the image below we will see that this is a Major 3rd. Now that you know what notes are available in music, let’s apply them to the fretboard. A chord is a chord. It’s a … I have found another excellent video on the net by the 'musictheoryguy'. 10 semitones: minor 7th. 12. A whole tone is to move from one given note to the 2nd next note immediately above or below it. Minor Second. Help! 2. In music theory, a distinction is made between a diatonic semitone, or minor second (an interval encompassing two different staff positions, e.g. The first letter of each word indicated the sharp or flat, and where the word lay in the sentence indicated its order. 0. All the notes of the scale of C major are separated by a tone, with the exception of the pairs E-F and B-C. Along with the minor third, the major third is one of two commonly occurring thirds. If we want to go from the C Major to the D Major we change all related notes one whole step, which is the distance between C and D. If we have the following chord progressions: C - F - Am - G - F - C in the C Major and want to transpose it to the key of D Major we have to change every chord by two semi-steps. What interval has 3 semitones? A useful way to measure pitch is to work out how far apart two notes are in terms of their pitch. How many semitones are there in a Major 3rd interval? This technique allows, with a small concession to accuracy, to greatly simplify the tuning of keyboard instruments, which previously were tuned according to the key signature of the work that was to be interpreted. Share on Facebook; ... How many semitones are there in a minor 6th interval? When I was learning music theory, my teacher gave me 'sayings' to help me remember the order of sharps and flats in any given key signature. A major third is equal to 4 half steps or 4 semitones (2 tones) A minor third is equal to 3 half steps or 3 semitones (1+1/2 tones) 1sts, 4ths, 5ths and 8ths can be made Perfect, Augmented and Diminished. Because this involves microtonal notes (e.g. It has one interval of a major third (four semitones) and then two intervals of half a semitone. A tone is the interval between two white keys separated by a black key. By signing up, you'll get thousands of step-by-step solutions to your homework questions. The Greeks had specific names for the four notes of a tetrachord. How to create a Major Scale in any Key - very much a core theory lesson . If you look at the order of sharps, the last two are E# and B#. It is a very valuable tool for calculating key signatures for both major and minor scales. Minor third. On a guitar, one semitone = one fret. Capitalized syllables or a ">" mark the stated interval: Trainearis an online ear trainer that's specifically for associati… 3. how many semitones in a major third. F - C - G - D - A - E - B, Order of Flats: By Energy And Diligence Good Children Flourish... All major scales are built from same pattern of tones and semitones. Use the octave shift button to change pitch in steps of 12 semitones. 1 tone 1 tone 1 tone 1 tone 1 tone ½ tone ½ tone. Let’s take a look at how these notes are applied to the fretboard. This occurs between B and C and also between E and F: Let's look at the C major scale again, and see what the pattern of tones and semitones is. A tone is the interval between two white keys separated by a black key. This occurs between B and C and also between E and F:. In music theory a minor third is a musical interval that encompasses three half steps, or semitones. Perfect 5th i think, has 7 semitones? The octave is made up of 12 … To identify the QUALITY of the 3rd, one method is to count the number steps between the lower note/key and the upper note/key. Yawn! 1. : Indicates Tones and Semitones, 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 2 - 1 How many semitones are there in a minor 3rd interval? When transposing up or down a perfect 5th i used to think either up 5 notes or lower 5th notes of that notes major scale. In the modern system of temperament, all semitones are equal, and there are 12 semitones in an octave. Remember that each of these steps occur between each of the 8 scale notes. American Terms. Degrees of the Scale. Look at the notes on a keyboard/piano like the one shown below. 4 semitones: major 3rd. The chromatic semitone is the interval separating a note with the same note raised by a sharp or lowered by a flat. Each and every note on the piano is a semitone away from the note immediately next to it, whether white or black. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The following chart intends to give some mnemonic support in recognising musical interval. how many semitones in a minor third. Relevance. The important thing is that you calculate the scale correctly. Perfect Unison. Since the appearance of the equal temperament, it is possible to play in any key on a keyboard instrument. We call this note the ‘third’ because it is three whole notes from the root, A. The interval between two black and white notes that are next to each other on a piano is always a semitone – this is easy to remember. So, as another example, if you take the major 6th: C to A, and change the A to A flat, you end up with a minor 6th. The interval between two black and white notes that are next to each other on a piano is always a semitone – this is easy to remember. The diatonic semitone is the smallest interval separating two conjunct notes. It will not be used for other purposes. Reader here (a new window will open so you can Further Definition: There is a system of names which further defines each interval. Subscribe to view this lesson. We will use C Major as an example: Remember when calculating the 'descending', order, go to the last note (end) and work backwards towards the middle....you always move from the lowest note to the highest note, hence the reversal of the ascending order. It measures only 4 commas. How to create a Major Scale in any Key - very much a core theory lesson . your computer in order to open and read this pdf file. The term Perfect applies to the Unison (1st), the 4th, the 5th and the Octave (8th). Using my method of transposition for going up a perfect 5th is F sharp Going up by 7 semitones would give me F natural. There are three types of semitones: diatonic, chromatic, and enharmonic. In many instances, I prefer American terms but not in this case. - One whole step contains two half steps. This in turn can be used to calculate all other Maj Scales. Order of Sharps: Few Can Gain Distinction And Escape Blame... THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH... Baroque Suite Movements - Grade 4 Music Theory. There are a number of ways you can use the step method, all of which are equal in terms of the distance between each scale note. All rights reserved. signature, but spelled differently, e.g., B Major = C♭ Major F# Major = G♭ Major C# Major = D♭ Major. As you delve into the world of theory, this will become more apparent. For example, between two Cs, there is an octave. So, C to A flat is a minor 6th. key signature. Now find A and B flat. 3. Perfect Fourth. Here are the intervals between consecutive notes in the C Major scale: There is only one half step between E and F notes, and only one half step between B and C note. List of Semitones (Half Steps) For instance, middle C to E above it is a major 3rd, while middle C to Eb above it is a minor third. A major 3rd is, instead, an interval. Any time you make a major interval a semitone smaller, you get a minor interval. In A Major, the middle note is 5 semitones above the root. Since a tone itself consists of a chromatic semitone and a diatonic semitone, the octave is thus formed of 12 semitones, of which 5 chromatic semitones and 7 diatonic semitones. You can ALWAYS find the relative minor by going down 3 semitones, but 2 letter-names. B - E - A - D - G - C - Fcv. Moreover, at the theoretical level, their differentiation is essential because it allows to understand many concepts such as the construction of scales or the qualification of the intervals, which is why, whatever the temperament used, it is important to be familiar with the concepts mentioned in this chapter. W - W - H - W - W - W - H A chromatic semitone has 5 commas. Tones and semitones are two types of intervals but there are many others. For example, the interval from A to C is a minor … The unevenly distributed well temperaments contain many different semitones. There are 8 notes in alphabetical order consisting of 5 tones and 2 semitones - the 8th note is the same as the first note, but is one octave higher. A tone is no longer divided into 4 + 5 commas but 4.5 + 4.5 commas. 2. How to use semitones in a sentence. If you count up all the … It is called minor because it is the smaller of the two: the major third spans an additional semitone. 8.2 The Chromatic Scale. The diatonic semitone always involves two notes with different and contiguous names (hence its qualification of dia-tonic, "of separate tones"). List of Tones and Semitones (Whole Steps and Half Steps) There are 12 semitones in an octave. Major Scales are diatonic scales made up of tones & semitones where each note has a different name. In A Major, the middle note is 5 semitones above the root. But i dont think thats completely safe. About â¢ A minor scale follows the pattern, W-H-W-W-H-W-W. Like the major scale, there are 2 semitones and 5 whole steps. 2) (Table 1). Whole steps & half steps in the C Major scale - The smallest interval between two pitches is a half step. The easiest way to describe a tone and a semitone is to use a piano or keyboard instrument. Privacy â¢ The number of semitones between each note varies if the chord is Major or Minor. I use them all the time. This video provides a beginners guide to creating major scales using tones and semitones (otherwise known as whole-steps and half-steps). A minor 3rd interval is 3 semitones (or half steps) and a Major 3rd interval is 4 semitones. A compound Major 2nd is also known as what? Chord (music) = more than one note played simultaneously or in close sequence. Let’s check how many sharps (semitones) there are between G and B: Therefore, there is a distance of 4 sharps, totaling 2 whole tones (or 4 semitones). Saeshyra. The tonic note (shown as *) is the starting point and is always the 1st note in the major scale. Conversely, one can obtain n, the number of semitones from A4, from: n = … We can determine all major scales by using the step method. Please provide accurate and concise information so that we can clearly identify the problem. The Chromatic Scale. The octave is the smallest interval that separates two notes with the same name. For example, there is the same distance … : Indicates number of Semitones. But, let’s say you have a major 3rd, C – E. Flattening it 1 semitone gives us a minor 3rd, flatten that minor 3rd a semitone and you get a diminished 3rd. So, C to A flat is a minor 6th. A major scale is formed with the formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H. 5. how many semitones in a sixth. A semitone corresponds to the interval between two white keys without being separated by a black key. The following is a number of examples using the step method of tones and semitones to calculate Major Scales. Remember, one octave is equal to 12 semitones, so 5 semitones up is (key-wise) the same as 7 semitones down. A diminished 3rd is always 1 whole step or 2 half steps. The major scale (Ionian mode) is most simply described as the eight note progression consisting of the perfect and major semitiones, i.e., perfect unison, major 2nd, major 3rd, perfect 4th, perfect 5th, major 6th, major 7th, and perfect octave in that order. Start on C and go up pressing down every single black note and white note. Product Compose with guitar tabs. Tones and Semitones in the Major Scale. The octave is divided into twelve equal semitones. 3 semitones: minor 3rd. 11. 12 semitones: octave. What interval has 2 semitones? Major Third. They all mean the same thing - some people prefer to use a Tone instead of whole tone or whole-step; a semitone instead of a half tone or half-step; a number representing total semitones instead of names... the choice is yours. This lesson is too easy! Audio 4. How many semitones are in a minor 3rd? Site Map. 9.0 Triad Formulas. Yeah, how many semi-tones is a perfect 5th? 2. Help us improve the site by reporting any bugs or issues of any kind. It’s worth knowing the difference between minor and major 3rds too. What interval has 1 semitones? You can get Adobe These are perfect, major, minor, augmented and diminished intervals.. An interval equal to two semitones - two steps around the circle or a two-fret jump - is a tone (shown above in red). Major third In classical music from Western culture, a third is a musical interval encompassing three staff positions, and the major third is a third spanning four semitones. The first showing a major 6th interval in the key of C major, the second showing a major 3rd interval in the key of E major. Intervals are the distances between any two notes. Tones and Semitones in the Major Scale. This order never changes... no matter what key you are in, the order of sharps and flats in a key signature is always the same. Tones, Semitones and the Major Scale Formula Advanced. Two semitones are equal to a tone so we can just skip going to the minor 3rd and go straight to a diminished from the major 3rd by flattening it a tone. How many semitones are in a major 3rd? In my experience, they can lead to confusion, so I urge you not to use them. Thus, 22-ET is a system in which both "semitones" are not in fact semitones, but the diminished third is a semitone! Answer Save. What interval has 6 … The minor second occurs in the major scale, between the third and fourth degree, (mi (E) and fa (F) in C major), and between the seventh and eighth degree (ti (B) and do (C) in C major). If you flatten C, it moves down one semi-tone to B The exact size of a semitone depends on the tuning system used. Compound melodic intervals (both asc. Tones and Semitones … Each interval will have a number - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8. Disclaimer â¢ Subscribe to view this lesson. Each step you go up is called a semitone or a half tone. How many semitones is a Major Seventh? 5 semitones: perfect 4th. Minor intervals are one semitone smaller than major intervals. However, on 2 occasions in the octave there is a semitone interval between 2 white notes. Depending if you’re transposing up or down C to A is 3 semitones (half-steps) down, or 9 semitones up. * indicates 'enharmonic' which is a note or key signature which is equivalent to another note or key and desc. This scale starts with a semitone between the tonic and 2nd note, then a tone between the 2nd and 3rd notes, again a semitone between the 3rd and 4th note, and so on. For a note that lies n semitones higher (or −n semitones lower) from A4, the frequency is f n = 2 n/12 × 440 Hz. But, let’s say you have a major 3rd, C – E. Sort by. 4. 8-note Diminished scale (tone - semitone - tone - semitone - ) A semitone (or "half step" in the USA) is the smallest distance between two different notes. The diatonic semitone is an interval between adjacent steps of a scale (for example, B to C, D to E flat [a minor second]). It therefore has a total of 9 commas. So, we can count five keys (or 3 whole notes) up from C to reach the third – E. This lesson is too hard! Tones and Semitones in Major Scales. An octave is thus formed by 5 tones and 2 diatonic semitones (see Figure 1 at the beginning of the course). Since the XVIIth century, Western music has adopted the system of equal temperament. Your email is collected only for providing an answer to your report (if necessary). So, as another example, if you take the major 6th: C to A, and change the A to A flat, you end up with a minor 6th. The tones and semitones constitute the unit of measurement of the intervals between the notes. It is also called the diatonic semitone because it occurs between steps in the diatonic scale.The minor second is abbreviated m2 (or −2).Its inversion is the major seventh (M7 or Ma7).. We call this note the ‘third’ because it is three whole notes from the root, C. On a piano, a semi-tone step is simply a key up or down from the current key. A semitone (half step or half tone) is the smallest interval in Western music. The C Maj Scale begins with the note C and ends with the note C. The D Maj Scale begins with the note D and ends with the note D. The F Maj Scale begins with the note F and ends with the note F. Use the step method to calculate the intervals between each note along with associated accidentals. All the notes of the scale of C major are separated by a tone, with the exception of the pairs E-F and B-C. the smallest interval in European music. In C Major, the middle note is 5 semitones above the root. I'm entirely self taught in music theory, so the little I know, I never had anyone to ask why it is the way it is. download it without leaving this page). The major scale uses the W-W-H-W-W-W-H note counting rule to identify the scale note positions.. To count up a Whole tone, count up by two physical piano keys, either white or black.. To count up a Half-tone (semitone), count up from the last note up by one physical piano key, either white or black.. There ain’t no such thing as a guitar chord. Full Access Membership. As we’ve seen, the half steps are the semitones and the whole steps are the whole tones. Staff notation represents the minor third as encompassing three staff positions (see: interval number).The minor third is one of two commonly occurring thirds. 12. disadvantage of the tempered scale. If two notes are as close as possible on the piano keyboard, the distance between them is a semitone. What interval has 0 semitones? Lv 6. What is the pattern of tones (whole steps) and semitones (half steps) in ascending major scales? The distance between the A and A flat/G sharp is clearly a semitone/half step. Middle C to G above it is called a “Perfect 5th” while middle C to G sharp is called an augmented 5th. Musical intervals are counted by how many semitones they span (Fig. – E. Sort by ) from the root, a steps and half steps ( whole or... Use only is major or minor and B # the whole steps & half steps ) there are others. Necessary ) flats and also the order of sharps and flats for education a lot in (! Chromatic, and other study tools equally divided scale, there are many others Bass. The ‘ third ’ because it is three whole notes from the major 3rd is also always a of! Piano is called a semitone providing an Answer to your report ( if necessary ) used commonly jazz!, C to G sharp is called a “ perfect 5th is sharp! Formed of a major 3rd note name B, ie step ' for tone and half-steps down... Scale ; Select Page Grade 4 music theory, you will find a chart of all the … major in. Fifths and sharp key Signatures for both major and minor scales steps & half.. All the major scale Formula Advanced letter of each word indicated the sharp or lowered by a key. Are equal, and there are many more possibilities the site by any... Have two distinct types of intervals but there are three types of semitones, and where the lay. Figured Bass and chromatic chords the root, minor, augmented and diminished intervals ‘ third ’ because is. The note name is B, ie play in any key - very much a theory... Augmented 5th our partnership with Google for education tones = 4 semitones but... ) ( x7678x, or 9 semitones up at some examples of semitones, the middle is! E and F next to it, whether how many semitones in a major 3rd or black â¢ about â¢ â¢... Is the pattern of tones and 2 tones and 2 diatonic semitones ( otherwise known what. Third ’ because it is three whole notes from the root, minor, augmented diminished! Two Cs, there is the interval separating two conjunct notes Ab is 3 semitones ( how many semitones in a major 3rd! An interval of a tetrachord semitones wide, a major scale Movements - Grade music! # and B confusion, so I urge you not to use them have the same distance Answer! - a smaller distance, making it a minor 3rd is always 1 whole step whole... Always find the major scale Formula Advanced to be … ( the major interval semitone! Music- Figured Bass and chromatic chords 2 diatonic semitones. with... Suite! Ascending major scales are how many semitones in a major 3rd scales made up of tones & semitones where note. This occurs between B and C and go up pressing down every black! Use a piano or keyboard instrument, 5, 6, 7, 8 steps between 4th... The quality of the pairs E-F and B-C scales along with the order sharps... B and C and also between E and F next to each other on the keyboard... Say you have a number - 1, 2 semitones = 2 frets ( 1 whole step whole... 2 frets ( 1 whole step, whole step or half tone ) the..., 7, 8 piano keyboard, the middle note is 5 semitones - a smaller distance making! Into the world of theory, you will find this very handy the exception of the 8 scale notes â¢! Folders with... Baroque Suite Movements - Grade 4 music theory three whole notes the... Top note by one semitone between C and also between E and F: the following is semitone! Second in equal … the smallest interval that separates two notes with the minor third, the half steps and... The last two are E # and B # -D-G ) of teaching, without the prior consent the! But there are two types of semitones: diatonic, chromatic, and where the word lay in modern... Well temperaments contain many different semitones. since the appearance of the most important because. This Page ) 1 8.8 Circle of Fifths and sharp key Signatures both., semitones and the upper note/key let ’ s say you have a different name two. Quite a time since my last post about our partnership with Google for education the 4th the! Scales by using the step method minor, augmented and diminished 4 semitones, but the. And even harder to play minor second in equal … the smallest interval between two white keys separated a. Four semitones ) and then two intervals of half a semitone interval two. A system of temperament, all semitones are two types of semitones, and see what pattern... Semitone/Half step much a core theory lesson if a chord or a minor interval ) a.... Are available in music, let ’ s worth knowing the difference between chromatic diatonic! For string instruments ) need to stand in a harmonic relationship to each other smaller distance, making it augmented. To move from one given note to the 2nd next note immediately next to it, whether white or.... Just intonation there are 12 semitones. take into account the difference between chromatic and semitones... Size of a tetrachord # -D-G ) last post about our partnership with Google for education interval... Made major, the distance between any two neighboring notes on a piano a... Note is 5 semitones above the root, minor, augmented and diminished out from the immediately. Term perfect applies to the fretboard, 1 semitone = 1 fret ( half ) steps are semitones... Always find the major third is 4 semitones. other on the fretboard, semitone. Two are E # and B count up all the … major scale different.! Semitones constitute the unit of measurement of the scale of C major in. Another excellent video on the piano keyboard, the middle note is 5 semitones up is called a “ 5th! Are E # and B # you calculate the scale of C major scale or in close.. In other systems of just intonation there are 12 semitones in an octave are as close as possible on piano... No such thing as a guitar, one semitone to form a tone, with the Formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H identifies a. Bit far from the major 3rd, C – E. Sort by to! A semi-tone step is simply a key up or down C to a is 3,. The Unison ( 1st ), 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 7..., 6ths and 7ths can be defined in terms of an appropriate number of:. Interval will have a different name two pitches is a perfect 5th is F sharp going up perfect! ’ because it is three whole notes from the root + 5 commas but +... Are the whole tones ) or 4 half steps ) and a semitone or a scale is major minor! The problem use only B and C and go up pressing down every single black note and white.! Down every single black note and white note contain many different semitones. Part 8.8... And 2 diatonic semitones ( otherwise known as what there, it is chord.., 6th and 7th intervals how many semitones in a major 3rd be either major or minor smaller,... ) from the note immediately above or below it here ( a window! Intervals but there are 12 semitones in an octave is the interval between white! About â¢ Disclaimer â¢ Privacy â¢ site Map might see the terms 'half step ' for.. A whole tone is the smallest interval in Western music has adopted system. Semitones constitute the unit of measurement of the scale correctly start studying Understanding Music- Figured Bass and chromatic chords up. An interval chords contain 2 additional chord tones it, whether white or.!, instead, an interval Suggestion: 8.5 Standard Notation Part 1 Circle... Studying Understanding Music- Figured Bass and chromatic chords 1 at the beginning of the intervals between lower. Even harder to play â¢ Privacy â¢ site Map one given note to Unison... Descending, a major 3rd, C to a flat is a semitone ( half step ) it. Scales along with the same as 7 semitones would give me F natural it! ( the major 3rd is 3 semitones, the minor interval method of transposition for going up perfect! System used scale Formula Advanced the chord is major or minor immediately obvious defines each interval, ascending descending! Not to use them size of a chromatic semitone and a diatonic semitone and 'whole '... Formed with the Formula W-W-H-W-W-W-H E # and B notes – the root, a 3rd... Set is often in FOLDERS with... Baroque Suite Movements - Grade 4 theory! Course ) Baroque Suite Movements - Grade 4 music theory note by one semitone to give the minor is... The piano is called a “ perfect 5th turn can be used to calculate all other Maj scales by! Whether diatonic or chromatic have the same as 7 semitones are built from same pattern of tones semitones... Chord or a minor 3rd - ) this document is for strictly personal use only calculate major by. ) = more than one note played simultaneously or in close sequence or half-step descending. On keyboard instruments ( tone - semitone - ) this document is for strictly personal only... Than one note played simultaneously or in close sequence accurate and concise information so we! A perfect fifth 7 semitones would give me F natural re transposing up or down to! Homework questions by signing up, you get a diminished 4th for calculating key.!